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The Role of Negligence in Illinois Personal Injury Cases

On Behalf of | Jun 19, 2023 | Firm News |

In the world of personal injury law, the concept of negligence plays a pivotal role. It is the cornerstone upon which many personal injury cases are built, and understanding its implications is crucial for anyone involved in such a case in Illinois. This blog post aims to shed light on the role of negligence in Illinois personal injury cases.

Understanding Negligence

Negligence, in legal terms, refers to the failure to behave with the level of care that someone of ordinary prudence would have exercised under the same circumstances. It involves actions that a reasonable person would not have taken, leading to the harm or injury of another person.

Elements of Negligence

In Illinois, as in most states, a personal injury case based on negligence requires the plaintiff to prove four key elements:

  1. Duty: The defendant had a legal duty to behave in a certain way toward the plaintiff under the circumstances.
  2. Breach: The defendant breached that duty by acting or failing to act in a certain way.
  3. Causation: The defendant’s action or inaction caused the plaintiff’s injury.
  4. Damages: The plaintiff suffered a legal injury as a result of the defendant’s actions.

Negligence in Different Types of Personal Injury Cases

The role of negligence varies depending on the type of personal injury case. For instance, in a car accident case, negligence might involve a driver failing to obey traffic laws. In a medical malpractice case, negligence could involve a healthcare professional failing to meet the standard of care expected in the medical community.

Comparative Negligence in Illinois

Illinois follows a system called “modified comparative negligence“. This means that a plaintiff can recover damages as long as they are less than 50% at fault for the injury. However, the amount of damages they can recover will be reduced by their percentage of fault.


Understanding the role of negligence in personal injury cases is crucial for both plaintiffs and defendants. It determines liability, impacts the potential for compensation, and shapes the overall direction of a case. If you’re involved in a personal injury case in Illinois, it’s essential to consult with an experienced attorney who can guide you through the complexities of negligence and other key legal concepts.



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